Essex is a county in England. It borders the counties of Cambridgeshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and Hertfordshire. The area is 51 miles long and 20 miles wide. This county has a population of 1 million people who are mainly living in towns and cities such as Chelmsford, Colchester, Harwich and Southend. The main areas of interest for visitors to Essex include Colchester Zoo Park, Blackwater Estuary nature reserve at Purfleet with its salt marshes and mud flats which provide feeding grounds for many migrating birds, the Roman town at Caistor St Edmund with its museum exploring crafts from local Roman pottery to dentistry; Stansted Mountfitchet Castle dating back to Norman times; Bishop’s Stortford Museum with exhibits on farming tools from medieval times to today; Epping Forest which covers 1/3 of Essex’s area and is often called the ‘lungs’ of London due to it absorbing much pollution from the capital city; Hylands House home of annual Hylands Music Festival each summer since 1976 – currently Essex’s largest outdoor music venue now attracting over 100 000 people per year Essex is a county in England. It borders the counties of Cambridgeshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and Hert
The name Essex is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word “Essexa” or “Esseax” meaning “Eastern Saxons”. The earliest recorded use of the term was in AD 895, when it was written as “Essexe”. This might have been done to differentiate between Viking invaders and their original homeland in Scandinavia. In early times, Essex may have been a county that included kingdoms on both sides of the River Thames, including East Anglia and Mercia. The eastern border with East Anglia may then have changed over time. In 1086, for example, an Anglo-Saxon charter records that lands east of Stoke-by-Nayland were part of Suffolk A probable etymology for the name is from Æscengum which means oak forest; this contrasts with Mercia’s Latin name meaning marshy land.