The market town of Waltham Abbey is located in the Epping Forest District of Essex. The town is located on the Greenwich Meridian, in between the River Lea and Epping Forest to the west, with the Metropolitan Green Belt surrounding it to the north, east, and south. It is 14 miles from the centre of London. Waltham Abbey is included within the Greater London Urban Area and the Metropolitan Area of London for statistical purposes.
The site may be the resting place, along with Bosham, of King Harold Godwinson, who died at Hastings in 1066. It takes its name from and is renowned for its former abbey, the last in England to be dissolved. It is now the Abbey Church of Waltham Holy Cross, a scheduled ancient monument. Waltham Abbey is the civil parish in which the town is located, which was previously known as Waltham Holy Cross. There is a town council in the parish, which is twinned with Hörstel, a German town.
The Population of Waltham Abbey is 21,149 people.